Computers are playing a wide role in every field of scientific research. Here is a short overview of the role that computers have shown in research and how they are helping unravel several scientific mysteries. Calculators were the first computers developed, with the ability to carry out easy arithmetic operations. Progression in electronics, the growth of the vacuum tube based transistors and devising of digital logic gates led to development of the first digital computer which could do more advanced logical operations.
These untimely machines took up entire multistory buildings and were operated through punch cards. All this distorted after the development of semiconductor based transistors which led to the severe smallness of integrated circuits that made the progress of the first personal computers possible.
Role of Computers in Scientific Research
It was really impossible to capture the range of whole computer applications in scientific research. Here is a view of the role of computers in scientific research, where I shall talk about four of their most significant applications.
Data Analysis & Storage
Experimentation is the keystone of scientific research. Every research in any of the natural sciences generates a lot of data that requires be storing and analyzing to get important conclusions, to legalize or disprove hypotheses. Computers attached with new apparatuses, straightforwardly record data as it’s generated and topic it to examination through a special designed software.
One of the uses of computer in engineering projects is of simulations. A simulation is an arithmetical modeling of a problem and a practical learning of its solutions.
Higher scientific instruments come with their own on-board computer, which can be planned to carry out various functions. For instance, the Hubble Space Craft has its own on-board computer system which is somewhat planned to investigate the deep space.
Sharing Knowledge Through Internet
Finally, in the shape of Internet, computers have provided a new way to share knowledge all around. Today, anybody can reach to the most recent research papers that are made available for free on websites. Sharing of knowledge and teamwork through the Internet has made universal cooperation on scientific projects possible.
Different kinds of software programs, computers are contributing to research in every authority, ranging from biology to astrophysics, discovering new patterns. If we continue to exist human trouble and manage not to destroy our civilization, than our future is going to be a thrilling one!